Now Offering

New Patient Specials!

Thyroid Disorder

Achieve Wellness Medical Center

Pain Management Medical Practices located in Columbia, MO

It’s estimated that 20 million Americans have some type of thyroid disorder. There are various treatments that can manage uncomfortable symptoms and improve your quality of life. At Achieve Wellness Medical Center, their advanced providers offer complete care for thyroid disorders. To make an appointment at the practice in Columbia, Missouri, call the office or click the online booking feature today.

Thyroid Disorder Q&A

What is a thyroid disorder?

Thyroid disorders are a group of conditions that affect the thyroid –– a gland at the bottom of your neck responsible for producing various hormones. If your thyroid produces too many or too few hormones, it can negatively affect your metabolism and cause a variety of uncomfortable symptoms.

Most thyroid disorders require long-term treatment. Even so, healthy lifestyle changes, prescription medication, and routine checkups can help you live a vibrant life. 

What are some common thyroid disorders?

Achieve Wellness Medical Center treats various thyroid disorders, including:


Hyperthyroidism causes your thyroid to overproduce hormones. Symptoms include restlessness, racing heart, anxiety, and trouble sleeping.


Hypothyroidism causes your thyroid to underproduce hormones. Telltale signs include fatigue, dry skin, unexplained weight gain, and depression.

Hashimoto’s disease

Hashimoto’s disease is a type of hypothyroidism that’s especially common in middle-aged women. It affects about 14 million Americans and causes your immune system to attack and destroy your thyroid gland, affecting its ability to produce certain hormones.

Grave’s disease

Grave’s disease is a common type of hyperthyroidism that causes your immune system to attack your thyroid. When that occurs, your thyroid overproduces hormones that regulate your metabolism. 

Thyroid nodules

Thyroid nodules are small growths that develop on your thyroid. Nodules typically don’t require treatment unless they’re cancerous or abnormally large. 


If your thyroid gland swells as a result of iodine deficiency or hyperthyroidism, it’s called a goiter. Some goiters remain small, others grow and cause coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing.

How is a thyroid disorder diagnosed?

To diagnose a thyroid disorder, your Achieve Wellness Medical Center provider orders a series of laboratory tests to measure the number of specific hormones in your blood, including:

  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
  • T4: Thyroxine
  • FT4: Free T4 or free thyroxine
  • T3: Triiodothyronine
  • Reverse T3
  • Thyroid antibodies

If your blood work comes back normal, your provider might also recommend a thyroid ultrasound. An ultrasound uses high-frequency sound waves to capture images of your thyroid in real-time. It can rule out a goiter or nodules. 

How are thyroid disorders treated?

Achieve Wellness Medical Center treats thyroid disorders using a combination of healthy lifestyle changes and prescription medication. Your provider might recommend:

  • Radioactive iodine
  • Beta-blockers
  • Thyroid replacement medication
  • Eating a balanced, nutritious diet
  • Exercising regularly
  • Routine checkups and screenings

If your symptoms are severe and interfere with your quality of life, Achieve Wellness Medical Center might recommend surgery. If necessary, they can refer you to a surgical specialist in the area.

To receive treatment for a thyroid disorder, make an appointment at Achieve Wellness Medical Center by calling the office or booking online today.


Here at Achieve Wellness Medical Center, our medical team will work with you to develop an individualized treatment plan to decrease pain, improve motion and strength. The overall goal would be to restore your normal function.